Intentional Torts vs. Negligence in Accident Cases

Intentional vs. Unintentional TortsHow an injury-related insurance claim or suit profits will depend in part upon exactly what kind of tort is being declared. Accident cases been available in all sizes and shapes, however almost all claims are based on one of two underlying arguments:

  • the plaintiff (the injured individual) suffered harm because of recklessness on the part of the offender, or
  • the plaintiff’s injuries were brought on by a purposeful act dedicated by the defendant.

The very first scenario described above incorporates irresponsible torts, while the 2nd captures intentional torts. In this post, we’ll take a better look at how irresponsible torts and intentional torts are defined, offer some examples of each, and more. (Note: In legalese, “tort” is simply another word for a legal incorrect dedicated by a single person versus another.).

Negligent Torts

Almost all accident cases– auto accidents and slip and fall cases, for example– fall under the umbrella of negligent torts. There are 4 basic elements to a neglect case:.

Duty. In general, we owe all individuals the task to work out the care that a fairly prudent person would exercise under the scenarios to prevent foreseeable damages to others. Some examples of these responsibilities are: the task not to produce conditions that are dangerous to the general public; and the task to consist of wild animals we may own. In the context of a car accident case, all motorists have a legal responsibility to show reasonable care in the operation of their cars.

Sticking with the vehicle accident example, a driver who runs a red light and strikes another vehicle has actually failed to drive in a reasonably responsible manner, and has breached his or her legal responsibility of care. Essentially, the accused’s conduct must have led directly to the harm suffered by the plaintiff.

Damages. In any negligent tort case, the plaintiff needs to in fact have suffered some harm as a result of the accident or event. Some examples of compensable damages consist of:.

  • medical costs
  • lost wages
  • discomfort and suffering
  • home damage.

Intentional Torts

Deliberate torts, as the name recommends, are legal wrongs that are dedicated on purpose (as opposed to by accident or through negligence). A deliberate tort takes place when the defendant acts with the intent to trigger real harm or offense to another person (or at least the hazard of harm or offense).  For more information please click here.

Intentional torts include:

  • Battery— applies to virtually any form of offending or dangerous contact, even when no real injury happens.
  • Assault— meaning differs by state, but typically includes any deliberate act that puts the victim in affordable fear of impending damage (i.e. pointing a packed gun at someone).  Discussed in detail here.
  • When one individual purposefully limits the motion of another individual (actually or constructively) without the legal right to do so, false Imprisonment— happens.
  • When a security guard wrongfully detains a shoplifting suspect, this can happen.
    Trespassing— unlawful entry onto somebody else’s building.
  • A new type of tort, really a subset of assault, is cyberbullying–stalking and threatening people over the internet.  For details on this cutting edge area of the law, please look at this site.

Defenses to Intentional Torts

The most typical defenses to deliberate tort allegations are:.

  • the offender was acting in self-defense or in defense of a third individual, and
  • the offender showed the plaintiff’s consent (i.e. the defendant touched the plaintiff with the plaintiff’s authorization, or entered the plaintiff’s home with authorization).

Intentional Torts: Is Criminal Liability Possible? Numerous deliberate torts can also result in criminal charges.